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Doberman Pinscher Dog Breed

The Doberman Pinscher Explained..."Careful breeding has improved the disposition of this breed, and the modern Doberman Pinscher is an energetic and lively breed ideally suited for companionship and family life"

The Doberman is a common sight in the movies.

People are used to seeing people running for their lives as aggressive dogs lunge at them with demonic looking eyes.

However, in real life, most Dobermans are actually loyal, intelligent family pets.

Doberman Pinschers are among the most common of pet breeds, and the breed is well known as an alert, and loyal companion dog.

Although once commonly used as guard dogs, watch dogs, or police dogs, this is less common today.

The Doberman Pinscher is a member of the working group of dogs.

Doberman Pinscher. Blue female dobermann pinscher picture

These dogs were originally bred to be police dogs. They were also commonly used in the German military.

In many countries, Doberman Pinschers are one of the most recognizable breeds, in part because of their actual roles in society, and in part because of media stereotyping.

The sight of one of these big, dangerous looking dogs coming toward them filled people with dread. After all, they are extremely powerful animals.

The Doberman Pinscher is a square dog with a powerful chest and a bullet shaped head. This breed weighs in at anywhere from 55 to 90 pounds and stands 24 to 28 inches tall.

The Doberman's short coat is black, red, blue, or fawn with tan markings. Occasionally, these dogs have a white spot on their chests.

Its almond shaped eyes are dark in color. Most Doberman's have their tails docked.

While this may sound cruel, a docked tail can prevent painful accidents in the future. More than one undocked Doberman has accidentally broken his tail.

The Doberman Pincher is not always a high energy dog.

But they have amazing endurance capabilities.

These dogs do need exercise and do not do well in apartment settings. A fenced yard is a much better fit for them.

Dobermans enjoy spending time with their owners, so even if you have a fenced yard, you should be prepared to take your dog for a daily walk.

Despite the bad publicity this breed receives, most Dobermans are great with children and other pets.

These devoted family dogs will do anything to please their owners and are highly trainable. However, you do need to be careful if you have young children and a Doberman puppy.

Puppies can accidentally knock your children down, since they do not realize their own strength and are very energetic.

Doberman Pincher Training

Doberman Pinscher. European Dobermann picture

You will need to begin training and socializing your Doberman as soon as you bring him home to avoid problem behaviors.

Dobermans are very intelligent and can get into quite a lot of mischief if they are left to themselves.

Puppy obedience classes are a good idea, since the classes will help you train and socialize your puppy while he is young and easy to control.

After all, who wants to wait until their dog weighs almost as much as they do before they try to teach him to sit!

Dobermans are big, muscular dogs and need a substantial amount of dog food. Be sure to feed your dog a food formulated for large breeds to be sure he gets the nutrition he needs.

Doberman Pincher Health

An average, healthy Doberman Pinscher is expected to live about 10 years.

Dobermann Pincher. Doberman with natural ears picture

Common health problems are:

Dilated cardiomyopathy
Wobbler disease
Vvon Willebrand's disease (a bleeding disorder for which there is genetic testing)

Other problems that are less severe or seen less frequently include:

Hypothyroidism
Doberman Pinscher. Red dobermann picture Cancer
Progressive retinal atrophy
Cataracts
Glaucoma
Copper toxicosis
Color dilution alopecia in blues and fawns
Hip dysplasia
Peripheral neuropathy ("Dancing Doberman disease", very rare)

As they age, these over sized lap dogs are prone to becoming overweight, so you may want to check with your veterinarian to find out about special foods for older dogs.

It is easy to groom a Doberman.

You may want to brush your dog once a week to remove dirt and loose hair and you should check his nails to be sure they are not too long, but they rarely need any further grooming.

Doberman Pinschers may look like hardened killers, but they are actually crème puffs around their family.

If you want a dog that will protect your home but still loves to snuggle up beside you at night, then a Doberman Pincher may be the right breed for you.

Doberman Pincher Explained

Dog bullet  Doberman Pinscher Dog Breed
Country of Origin: Germany

Dog Breed Family The Doberman Pinscher belongs to the family known as Guard Dogs.
Alternative Names Doberman; Common Nicknames: Dobe, Dobie
Classification FCI: Group 2 Section 1; AKC: Working; ANKC: Group 6 (Utility); CKC: Group 3 - Working Dogs; KC (UK): Working; NZKC: Utility; UKC: Guardian Dogs
Weight 75-100 lb for males, 60-85 lb for females
Height 24-28 inches
Coat Short, coarse - stiff to touch
Activity Level High
Learning Rate Very High
Temperament Gentle, loving, loyal, protective
Guard Dog Ability Very High
Watch-dog Ability Very High
Litter Size 3 - 8
Life Span 8 - 12 years


The Doberman Pinscher is a dog of medium size. Although the breed standards vary among kennel and breed clubs, the shoulder height of a Doberman Pinscher bitch is typically somewhere between 24 to 27 inches.

The male typically stands between 26 to 28 inches.

The male generally weighs between 75 and 100 pounds and the bitch between 65 and 85 pounds.

There is often a slight difference in type between bitches and dogs, with males being decidedly masculine (but not coarse) and females being noticeable feminine (but not spindly).

Doberman Pinschers typically have a deep, broad chest, and a powerful, compact, and square muscular body of large size.

However, in recent years some breeders have primarily bred, shown, and sold a slimmer or more sleek-looking Doberman Pinscher.

This has become a popular body type among many owners, especially those who show their Doberman Pinschers competitively.

The traditional body type is still more desirable to many casual owners and to those who want the dog for protection.

Furthermore, despite the "ideal" standards, it is impossible to have complete control over the size and weight of dogs.

Generally speaking, show animals must fall within the ideal range of both size and weight (for that country's breed standard), but it is not unusual to find male Dobes weighing over 100 pounds or females that are also larger than called for by the breed standards.

Those who are looking for a Doberman Pinscher to provide personal protection or for use in police agencies or the military generally seek out the larger examples and some breeders create specific breeding pairs in the hope of getting a litter of larger dogs.

Dobermann Pincher History

Doberman Pinschers were first bred in Germany around 1890 by Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann.

After his death in 1894, the Germans named the breed Dobermann-pinscher in his honor, but a half century later dropped the pinscher on the grounds that this German word for terrier was no longer appropriate.

The British did the same thing a few years later. Dobermann was a tax collector who frequently traveled through many bandit-infested areas, and needed a protection dog to guard him in any situation that might arise.

He set out to breed a new type of dog that, in his opinion, would be the perfect combination of strength, loyalty, intelligence, and ferocity. Later, Otto Goeller and Philip Gruening continued to develop the breed.

The breed is believed to have been created from several different breeds of dogs that had the characteristics that Dobermann was looking for.

Including the Pinscher, the Beauceron, the Rottweiler, the Thuringian Shepherd Dog, the black Greyhound, the Great Dane, the Weimaraner, the German Shorthaired Pointer, the Manchester Terrier and the German Shepherd Dog.

The exact ratios of mixing, and even the exact breeds that were used, remains uncertain to this day, although many experts believe that the Doberman Pinscher is a combination of at least four of these breeds.

The single exception is the documented cross with the Greyhound. It is also widely believed that the German Shepherd gene pool was the single largest contributor to the Doberman breed.






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